## What is the DVARP function in Excel?

The **DVARP **function is one of the **Database** functions of Excel.

It **calculates variance** based on the entire population of selected database entries.

We can find this function in the **Database** of insert function Tab

## How to use DVARP function in excel

1. Click on **empty **cell (like F5 )

2. Click on the **fx **icon (or press** shift+F3**)

3. In the **insert function tab** you will see all functions

4. Select **Database** category

5. Select the ** DVARP **function

6. Then select **ok**

7. In the function arguments Tab you will see the **DVARP **function

8. In the **Database section** the range of cells that makes up the list or database. A database is a list of related data (ex: Table1)

9. **Field section** is either the label of the column in double quotation marks or a number that represents the **column’s position** in the list (ex: C1)

10. **Criteria section** is the range of cells that contains the conditions you specify. The range includes a column label and one cell below the **label for a condition** (ex: Table1)

11. You will see the **result **in formula result section

## Examples of DVARP function in excel

**Example1: **

### calculate the variance of student height with DVARP function

**Example 2:**

### calculate the variance of student age with DVARP function

**Example 2:**

### Python code for **DVAR**P function

**P****DVAR**Name | Age | Height | Weight |

Olivia | 25 | 210 | 180 |

Noah | 25 | 205 | 235 |

Oliver | 27 | 195 | 205 |

Elijah | 22 | 198 | 185 |

James | 29 | 199 | 231 |

William | 29 | 201 | 240 |

Benjamin | 21 | 202 | 235 |

Lucas | 25 | 200 | 238 |

Henry | 22 | 204 | 190 |

```
import pandas as pd
df=pd.read_csv(‘example.csv’)
Vardf = df.var(axis=0, numeric_only= True)
print (Vardf)
```

## What is the purpose of **D**VARP function?

It **calculates variance** based on the entire population of selected database entries.

## What is the Return value of **DVARP** function?

It just return number.

**DVARP** (database, field, criteria)=number

## How many arguments does **D**VARP function have?

**DVARP**(database, field, criteria)

** DVARP** function has 3 arguments.

- In the
**Database section**you can enter the range of cells that make up the list or database **Field section**is either the label of the column in double quotation marks**Criteria section**is the range of cells that contains the conditions you specify

## Which version of excel supports **D**VARP function?

This function is available for all excel **versions **(2003-2019)

## Errors in **D**VARP function

If no record matches the criteria, ** DVARP** returns the 0 value.

If more than one record matches the criteria, **DVARP** returns one of the smallest value.

## Conditions and criteria range in **D**VARP function

**D**VARP### Criteria argument in **DVARP** function

**DVARP**we can define any range for the criteria argument: it has 2 condition

1. It includes at least one column label

2. It includes at least one cell under the column label.

For example, if the range A1:A2 contains “Name” in A1 and “Benjamin” in A2,

you could define A1=”Name” & A2=”Benjamin”

** DMIN** function find the word of “Benjamin” under “name” column

### location of Criteria range in **DVARP** function

**DVARP**Although the criteria range can be located anywhere on the worksheet, do not place the criteria range below the list. If you add more information to the list, the new information is added to the first row below the list. If the row below the list is not blank, Microsoft Excel cannot add the new information.

Make sure that the criteria range does not overlap the list.

To perform an operation on an entire column in a database, enter a blank line below the column labels in the criteria range.