# Excel TEXT Function

The TEXT function is one of the TEXT functions of Excel. It converts a value to text in a specific

number format.

We can find this function in TEXT of insert function Tab.

## How to use TEXT function in Excel

1. Click on empty cell (like F5 )

2. Click on fx on the below of font word (or press shift+F3)

3. In insert function tab you will see all functions

4. Select TEXT category

5. Select TEXT function

6. Then select ok

7. In function arguments Tab you will see TEXT function

8. Value is a number, a formula that evaluates to a numeric value, or a reference to a cell

containing a numeric value

9. Format text is a number format in text form from the Category box on the Number tab in the

Format Cells dialog box

10. You will see the results in formula result section

## Examples of TEXT function in Excel

1. Convert a date to text with a specific format: =TEXT(TODAY(), “MM/DD/YYYY”)
2. Convert a time to text with a specific format: =TEXT(NOW(), “hh:mm:ss AM/PM”)
3. Combine text strings and values with the “&” operator: =”Order #” & A1 & ” – Total: \$” & TEXT(B1, “#,##0.00”)
4. Format a number as currency: =TEXT(A1, “\$#,##0.00”)
5. Format a number as a percentage: =TEXT(A1, “0%”)
6. Convert a number to scientific notation: =TEXT(A1, “0.00E+00”)
7. Convert a month number to its name: =TEXT(DATE(2023, A1, 1), “MMMM”)
8. Convert a day number to its name: =TEXT(DATE(2023, 1, A1), “DDDD”)
9. Calculate the current week number: =TEXT(TODAY(), “ww”)
10. Display the current date and time: =TEXT(NOW(), “MM/DD/YYYY hh:mm:ss AM/PM”)

## How do you use the TEXT function in Excel?

The TEXT function is used to format values as text based on a specific format code. This means that you can take any numeric or date/time value in Excel and convert it to a text string with a desired appearance.

Here’s the syntax for the TEXT function:

=TEXT(value,format_text)

• value: The value you want to convert to text.
• format_text: The format code you want to apply to the value.

Let’s take a look at some examples of how to use the TEXT function:

Example 1: Convert a date to text with a specific format

Suppose you have a date value in cell A1 that you want to display as “MM/DD/YYYY”. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(A1,”MM/DD/YYYY”)

Example 2: Convert a time to text with a specific format

Suppose you have a time value in cell A1 that you want to display as “hh:mm AM/PM”. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(A1,”hh:mm AM/PM”)

Example 3: Combine text strings and values with the “&” operator

Suppose you have an order number in cell A1 and a total price in cell B1 that you want to display as “Order #XXX – Total: \$YYY.ZZ”. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=”Order #”&A1&” – Total: \$”&TEXT(B1,”#,##0.00″)

Example 4: Format a number as currency

Suppose you have a numeric value in cell A1 that you want to display as currency with two decimal places. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(A1,”\$#,##0.00″)

Example 5: Format a number as a percentage

Suppose you have a numeric value in cell A1 that you want to display as a percentage. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(A1,”0%”)

Example 6: Convert a number to scientific notation

Suppose you have a large or small numeric value in cell A1 that you want to display in scientific notation. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(A1,”0.00E+00″)

Example 7: Convert a month number to its name

Suppose you have a month number in cell A1 that you want to display as its full name (e.g., “January”). You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(DATE(2023,A1,1),”MMMM”)

Example 8: Convert a day number to its name

Suppose you have a day number in cell A1 that you want to display as its full name (e.g., “Monday”). You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(DATE(2023,1,A1),”DDDD”)

Example 9: Calculate the current week number

Suppose you want to display the current week number in a cell. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(TODAY(),”ww”)

Example 10: Display the current date and time

Suppose you want to display the current date and time in a cell. You can use the following formula to achieve this:

=TEXT(NOW(),”MM/DD/YYYY hh:mm:ss AM/PM”)

## What are some common uses of the TEXT function in Excel?

The TEXT function is a powerful tool in Excel that allows you to convert any numeric or date/time value into a text string with a specific format. Here are some common uses of the TEXT function in Excel:

1. Formatting dates and times: The TEXT function can be used to format date and time values in a variety of ways. For example, you can use it to display dates as “MM/DD/YYYY” or times as “hh:mm:ss AM/PM”.
2. Displaying currency: You can use the TEXT function to display numbers as currency, with dollar signs, commas, and decimal places. For example, you can use it to display \$1000.50 as “\$1,000.50”.
3. Converting numbers to percentages: The TEXT function can also be used to convert numbers to percentages. For example, you can use it to display 0.75 as “75%”.
4. Displaying scientific notation: If you have large or small numbers that are difficult to read, you can use the TEXT function to display them in scientific notation. For example, you can use it to display 1000000 as “1.00E+06”.
5. Combining text strings and values: The “&” operator can be used with the TEXT function to combine text strings and values. For example, you can use it to display “Order #123 – Total: \$1000”.
6. Formatting numbers with leading zeros: You can use the TEXT function to add leading zeros to numbers. For example, you can use it to display 5 as “005”.
7. Displaying custom formats: The TEXT function allows you to create custom formats for displaying data. For example, you can use it to display dates as “January 1, 2023” or times as “1:30 PM”.

Here are some examples of how to use the TEXT function for each of these common uses:

1. Formatting dates and times: =TEXT(TODAY(),”MM/DD/YYYY”) =TEXT(NOW(),”hh:mm:ss AM/PM”)
2. Displaying currency: =TEXT(1000.5,”\$#,##0.00″)
3. Converting numbers to percentages: =TEXT(0.75,”0%”)
4. Displaying scientific notation: =TEXT(1000000,”0.00E+00″)
5. Combining text strings and values: =”Order #”&123&” – Total: \$”&TEXT(1000,”#,##0.00″)
6. Formatting numbers with leading zeros: =TEXT(5,”000″)
7. Displaying custom formats: =TEXT(TODAY(),”MMMM D, YYYY”) =TEXT(NOW(),”h:mm AM/PM”)

## Can you provide an example of using the TEXT function in Excel?

Here’s an example of how to use the TEXT function in Excel.

Suppose you have a spreadsheet that contains a list of sales figures for different products, and you want to format the numbers as currency with two decimal places. You can use the TEXT function to achieve this.

Here’s how you would do it:

1. Select the cell where you want the formatted value to appear.
2. Enter the following formula into the cell: =TEXT(A1,”\$#,##0.00″)
3. Press Enter to apply the formula.

In this example, “A1” is the cell that contains the original sales figure that you want to format as currency. The format code “\$#,##0.00” tells Excel to display the number with a dollar sign, commas for thousands separators, and two decimal places.

For example, if the original sales figure in cell A1 is 1234.5678, the formula will display the value as “\$1,234.57”.

You can also copy this formula to other cells in the same column to quickly apply the formatting to multiple values. Simply click on the cell containing the formula, drag the fill handle down to select the remaining cells you want to apply it to, and then release the mouse button.

The TEXT function is a powerful tool that lets you customize the appearance of your data in many different ways. By using different format codes, you can format numbers as percentages, dates, times, or even scientific notation. You can also combine text strings and values to create custom labels and titles for your data.

## What is the syntax of the TEXT function in Excel?

The TEXT function is used to convert numeric or date/time values into a text string with a specified format. Here’s the syntax for the TEXT function:

=TEXT(value,format_text)

• value is the numeric or date/time value you want to convert to text.
• format_text is the format code that specifies how you want the value to be displayed as text.

Here are some examples of how to use the TEXT function using the syntax:

Example 1: Formatting a number as currency

Suppose you have a numeric value in cell A1 that you want to format as currency with two decimal places. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”\$#,##0.00″)

In this example, “A1” is the cell containing the numeric value, and the format_text argument “\$#,##0.00” tells Excel to display the number with a dollar sign, commas for thousands separators, and two decimal places.

Example 2: Formatting a date

Suppose you have a date value in cell A1 that you want to format as “MM/DD/YYYY”. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”MM/DD/YYYY”)

In this example, “A1” is the cell containing the date value, and the format_text argument “MM/DD/YYYY” tells Excel to display the date in the month/day/year format.

Example 3: Combining text strings and values

Suppose you have a list of order numbers in column A and you want to create a label that combines each order number with the text “ORDER”. You can use the following formula:

=”ORDER “&TEXT(A1,”0000”)

In this example, the “&” operator is used to concatenate the text string “ORDER ” with the result of the TEXT function, which formats the order number in cell A1 with leading zeros.

## Can you explain the format codes used in the TEXT function in Excel?

The TEXT function is used to convert numeric or date/time values into text strings with specific formats. The format code you use in the TEXT function determines how the value will be displayed as text. Here are some common format codes used in the TEXT function:

1. Number Formatting:
• 0 – Displays a digit or leading zero
• – Displays a digit, but hides leading zeros
• . – Displays the decimal separator
• , – Displays the thousands separator
• \$ – Displays the currency symbol
• % – Displays a percentage
• E+00 – Displays scientific notation

Example: Suppose you have the number 123456.789 in cell A1 and you want to format it as \$123,456.79. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”\$#,##0.00″)

1. Date and Time Formatting:
• YYYY – Displays the year
• YY – Displays the last two digits of the year
• MMMM – Displays the full month name
• MMM – Displays the abbreviated month name
• MM – Displays the two-digit month number
• M – Displays the one or two-digit month number
• DDDD – Displays the full day name
• DDD – Displays the abbreviated day name
• DD – Displays the two-digit day number
• D – Displays the one or two-digit day number
• hh – Displays the two-digit hour (in 24-hour format)
• h – Displays the one or two-digit hour (in 24-hour format)
• hh:mm:ss – Displays the time in hours, minutes, and seconds
• AM/PM – Displays the time in 12-hour format with the AM/PM indicator

Example: Suppose you have the date 01/01/2023 in cell A1 and you want to format it as January 1, 2023. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”MMMM D, YYYY”)

1. Text Formatting:
• @ – Displays the text exactly as entered

Example: Suppose you have the text “Hello World!” in cell A1 and you want to display it with all uppercase letters. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”@”).

## How do you convert a date or time value into text using the TEXT function in Excel?

To convert a date or time value into text using the TEXT function, you need to specify a format code that tells Excel how to display the date or time as text. Here’s how you can do it:

1. Select the cell where you want the formatted text to appear.
2. Enter the following formula into the cell: =TEXT(value,format_text)
3. Replace “value” with the cell reference containing the date or time value you want to convert to text.
4. Replace “format_text” with the format code you want to apply to the value.
5. Press Enter to apply the formula.

Here are some examples of how to use the TEXT function to convert a date or time value into text:

Example 1: Displaying a date as text

Suppose you have a date value in cell A1 and you want to display it as text in the format “MM/DD/YYYY”. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”MM/DD/YYYY”)

In this example, “A1” is the cell containing the date value, and the format_text argument “MM/DD/YYYY” tells Excel to display the date in the month/day/year format.

Example 2: Displaying a time as text

Suppose you have a time value in cell A1 and you want to display it as text in the format “hh:mm:ss AM/PM”. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”hh:mm:ss AM/PM”)

In this example, “A1” is the cell containing the time value, and the format_text argument “hh:mm:ss AM/PM” tells Excel to display the time in hours, minutes, seconds, and AM/PM indicators.

Example 3: Combining a date and time as text

Suppose you have a date value in cell A1 and a time value in cell B1, and you want to combine them into a single text string in the format “MM/DD/YYYY hh:mm:ss AM/PM”. You can use the following formula:

=TEXT(A1,”MM/DD/YYYY”)&” “&TEXT(B1,”hh:mm:ss AM/PM”)

In this example, the “&” operator is used to concatenate the result of two TEXT functions: one that formats the date in cell A1 as “MM/DD/YYYY”, and another that formats the time in cell B1 as “hh:mm:ss AM/PM”. The space between the two TEXT functions is added with a blank set of quotation marks.

## Can you combine the TEXT function with other functions in Excel?

you can definitely combine the TEXT function with other functions in Excel to achieve more complex results. Here are some examples of how to do this:

1. Using the CONCATENATE or “&” function to combine text and values

The CONCATENATE or “&” function can be used together with the TEXT function to create more complex text strings that include both text and values. For example, suppose you have a list of customer names in column A and their corresponding sales figures in column B. You can use the following formula to create a label that combines the customer name with their sales figure in the format “Name: \$SalesFigure”:

=CONCATENATE(“Name: “,A2,” – Sales: \$”,TEXT(B2,”0.00″))

In this example, the CONCATENATE function is used to join several text strings together: “Name: “, the customer name from cell A2, ” – Sales: \$”, and the formatted sales figure from cell B2. The TEXT function is used to format the sales figure as currency with two decimal places.

1. Using the IF function to conditionally format text

You can use the IF function together with the TEXT function to apply conditional formatting to text based on certain criteria. For example, suppose you have a list of order numbers in column A, and you want to display the text “Urgent!” next to any order number that has a sales figure greater than \$10,000. You can use the following formula:

=IF(B2>10000,CONCATENATE(TEXT(A2,”0000″),” – Urgent!”),TEXT(A2,”0000″))

In this example, the IF function is used to test whether the sales figure in cell B2 is greater than 10,000. If it is, the CONCATENATE function is used to join the formatted order number from cell A2 with the text ” – Urgent!”. If it is not, the TEXT function is used to display the order number as a plain text string.

1. Using the LEFT or RIGHT function to extract text

You can use the LEFT or RIGHT functions together with the TEXT function to extract specific characters from a text string that has been formatted using the TEXT function. For example, suppose you have a list of dates in column A, and you want to extract only the month and year from each date in the format “MM/YYYY”. You can use the following formula:

=LEFT(TEXT(A2,”MM/DD/YYYY”),2)&”/”&RIGHT(TEXT(A2,”MM/DD/YYYY”),4)

In this example, the LEFT function is used to extract the first two characters (the month) from the formatted date in cell A2 using the format code “MM/DD/YYYY”. The RIGHT function is used to extract the last four characters (the year). The “&” operator is used to join the month and year together with a forward slash “/”.

## Are there any limitations to using the TEXT function in Excel?

there are some limitations to using the TEXT function in Excel. Here are a few to keep in mind:

1. The TEXT function returns a text string, not a value.

When you use the TEXT function to format a numeric or date/time value as text, the resulting output is a text string, not a numeric or date/time value. This means that you cannot use the result of a TEXT function directly in other formulas or calculations that require a numeric or date/time value. You may need to use additional functions, such as the VALUE or DATEVALUE function, to convert the text string back into a usable value.

1. The TEXT function can be slow for large data sets.

If you are working with large data sets and using the TEXT function extensively to format the data, you may experience slower performance in your spreadsheet. This is because formatting text strings can be a time-consuming process, especially if you have many complex formatting rules or large numbers of rows or columns.

1. The TEXT function does not support all formatting options.

While the TEXT function provides many different formatting options for numeric and date/time values, it does not support every possible formatting option. For example, you cannot use the TEXT function to format a number as a fraction or a mixed number. In some cases, you may need to use a custom formula or add-in to achieve the desired formatting effect.

1. The TEXT function may display unexpected results with non-standard date/time formats.

If you are working with date/time values that do not conform to standard formats (such as “MM/DD/YYYY” for a date or “hh:mm:ss” for a time), the TEXT function may display unexpected results or produce errors. In these cases, you may need to use custom formulas or add-ins to properly format the date/time values.

Despite these limitations, the TEXT function is a powerful tool for customizing the appearance of your data in Excel. By using different format codes and combining the TEXT function with other functions, you can create complex formulas that manipulate and display your data in many different ways.

## How can I troubleshoot errors that occur when using the TEXT function in Excel?

When using the TEXT function in Excel, you may encounter errors or unexpected results. Here are some tips for troubleshooting common issues:

Make sure that you have entered the correct syntax for the TEXT function. The syntax is =TEXT(value,format_text), where “value” is the numeric or date/time value you want to convert to text and “format_text” is the format code that specifies how you want the value displayed as text. Make sure that you have enclosed both arguments in parentheses and separated them with a comma.

Make sure that you have used the correct formatting codes for the type of data you are converting to text. For example, if you are formatting a date, make sure you are using the correct codes for the month, day, and year. If you are formatting a number, make sure you are using the correct codes for decimals and thousands separators.